One of the major organs of the body is the heart and is used to pump blood to all the parts of a human body. Heart diseases attack the heart rendering it difficult to do its work. They may be severe such that the heart ceases to function, leading to human death. Most diseases, referred to as coronary heart diseases occur when the arteries that supply blood become blocked walls preventing blood flow. The larger the plaque in the arteries, the harder the blood flow.
Heart diseases can lead to unprecedented outcomes of heart attack. Heart attack is a condition that results from supply of oxygen to the body due to complete blockage of the arteries. Heart attack causes to a bigger extent the damage of heart muscles. In addition, the heart is associated with other diseases that include; stroke, high blood pressure, and rheumatic heart diseases. Some of the major causes of heart diseases refers to as lifestyle causes. This is because they involve how we live in our daily life. Lifestyle causes are preventable.
Smoking is a primary cause of cardiac malfunction and diseases. Smoking is the first cause of many preventable deaths in most of the world countries. Research has shown that smokers are six times more susceptible to heart attack than nonsmokers. Through smoking, stroke becomes prevalent, and lung cancer increasingly becomes a risk to the human body. Smoking causes bronchitis and emphysema, conditions caused by the blockage of the lungs. For the second hand smokers, also called secondary smokers, it is also easy to get lung problems.
High blood pressure ranks as one of the principal causes of heart diseases. It is also known as one of the leading causes of stroke. Hypertension is a condition that is contributed by the history of the family, obesity and lifestyle. Hypertension does not show any symptoms thus referred to as a silent killer. Blood pressure is the pressure that is exerted against the walls of the arteries. High blood pressure causes the heart to malfunction due to the damage of the arteries.
High cholesterol in the blood plays a vital role in the diseases of the heart. Cholesterol is a primary requirement for the overall functioning of human body. The body produces its own and enough cholesterol; the excess accumulated in the walls of the arteries. Cholesterol build up in the arteries makes them narrower preventing them to pump blood as required.
Body overweight and obesity are two common causes of heart problems. The general rule of dietary is that one should lose as many calories as they absorb. It’s the buildup and accumulation of fats and cholesterol that causes obesity, causing blockage of arteries. Failure to have regular exercises has also contributed to contracting heart diseases. Physical activities are important in reducing fats and cholesterol in the body Failure to exercise makes the fats build up in the arteries preventing blood flow. Effective measures are necessary since they help in eradicating heard malfunctions.
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